1. Contingency questions - A question that is answered only if the respondent gives a particular response to a previous question. This avoids asking questions of people that do not apply to them (for example, asking men if they have ever been pregnant).
2. Matrix questions - Identical response categories are assigned to multiple questions. The questions are placed one under the other, forming a matrix with response categories along the top and a list of questions down the side. This is an efficient use of page space and respondents’ time.
3. Closed ended questions - Respondents’ answers are limited to a fixed set of responses. Most scales are closed ended. Other types of closed ended questions include:
Yes/no questions - The respondent answers with a “yes” or a “no”.
Multiple choice - The respondent has several option from which to choose.
Scaled questions - Responses are graded on a continuum (example : rate the appearance of the product on a scale from 1 to 10, with 10 being the most preferred appearance). Examples of types of scales include the Likert scale, semantic differential scale, and rank-order scale (See scale for a complete list of scaling techniques.).
4. Open ended questions - No options or predefined categories are suggested. The respondent supplies their own answer without being constrained by a fixed set of possible responses. Examples of types of open ended questions include:
Completely unstructured - For example, “What is your opinion of questionnaires?”
Word association - Words are presented and the respondent mentions the first word that comes to mind.
Sentence completion - Respondents complete an incomplete sentence. For example, “The most important consideration in my decision to buy a new house is . . .”
Story completion - Respondents complete an incomplete story.
Picture completion - Respondents fill in an empty conversation balloon.
Thematic apperception test - Respondents explain a picture or make up a story about what they think is happening in the picture
Wikipedia, 2010. Questionnaire Construction. [online] Available at: < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Questionnaire_construction#Types_of_questions> [Accessed 21 November 2010].